[轉貼]XAMPP 的 sendmail 對 gmail 的設定

XAMPP 是一套整合 Apache、PHP、MySQL、Mercury Mail Transport System、FileZilla FTP Server、Tomcat…等的服務應用系統,讓您可以專心在系統程式開發上,若在開發的應用系統中有需要發信時而不想自行管理 Mail Server 時,可以利用內附的 sendmail 結合 gmail 來達成。

主要修改的地方有二個設定:

第一個設定檔:修改 \xampp\php\php.ini

[mail function]
; XAMPP: Comment out this if you want to work with an SMTP Server like Mercury
; SMTP = localhost
; smtp_port = 25; For Win32 only.
; http://php.net/sendmail-from
;sendmail_from = [email protected]; XAMPP IMPORTANT NOTE (1): If XAMPP is installed in a base directory with spaces (e.g. c:\program files\xampp) fakemail and mailtodisk do not work correctly.
; XAMPP IMPORTANT NOTE (2): In this case please copy the sendmail or mailtodisk folder in your root folder (e.g. C:\sendmail) and use this for sendmail_path.

; XAMPP: Comment out this if you want to work with fakemail for forwarding to your mailbox (sendmail.exe in the sendmail folder)
sendmail_path = “\”\xampp\sendmail\sendmail.exe\” -t”

; XAMPP: Comment out this if you want to work with mailToDisk, It writes all mails in the \xampp\mailoutput folder
;sendmail_path = “\xampp\mailtodisk\mailtodisk.exe”

; Force the addition of the specified parameters to be passed as extra parameters
; to the sendmail binary. These parameters will always replace the value of
; the 5th parameter to mail(), even in safe mode.
;mail.force_extra_parameters =

; Add X-PHP-Originating-Script: that will include uid of the script followed by the filename
mail.add_x_header = Off

; Log all mail() calls including the full path of the script, line #, to address and headers
mail.log = “\xampp\php\logs\php_mail.log”

 

第二個設定檔:修改 \xampp\sendmail

; configuration for fake sendmail

; if this file doesn’t exist, sendmail.exe will look for the settings in
; the registry, under HKLM\Software\Sendmail

[sendmail]

; you must change mail.mydomain.com to your smtp server,
; or to IIS’s “pickup” directory.  (generally C:\Inetpub\mailroot\Pickup)
; emails delivered via IIS’s pickup directory cause sendmail to
; run quicker, but you won’t get error messages back to the calling
; application.

smtp_server=smtp.gmail.com

; smtp port (normally 25)

smtp_port=465

; SMTPS (SSL) support
;   auto = use SSL for port 465, otherwise try to use TLS
;   ssl  = alway use SSL
;   tls  = always use TLS
;   none = never try to use SSL

smtp_ssl=auto

; the default domain for this server will be read from the registry
; this will be appended to email addresses when one isn’t provided
; if you want to override the value in the registry, uncomment and modify

default_domain=gmail.com

; log smtp errors to error.log (defaults to same directory as sendmail.exe)
; uncomment to enable logging

error_logfile=error.log

; create debug log as debug.log (defaults to same directory as sendmail.exe)
; uncomment to enable debugging

debug_logfile=debug.log

; if your smtp server requires authentication, modify the following two lines

[email protected]
auth_password=yourPassword

; if your smtp server uses pop3 before smtp authentication, modify the
; following three lines.  do not enable unless it is required.

pop3_server=
pop3_username=
pop3_password=

; force the sender to always be the following email address
; this will only affect the “MAIL FROM” command, it won’t modify
; the “From: ” header of the message content

[email protected]

; force the sender to always be the following email address
; this will only affect the “RCTP TO” command, it won’t modify
; the “To: ” header of the message content

force_recipient=

; sendmail will use your hostname and your default_domain in the ehlo/helo
; smtp greeting.  you can manually set the ehlo/helo name if required

hostname=

 

重新起動 Apache 服務即可。

PS: Windows 8 的 sendmail 不會正常運作

 

另外要測試是否正常設定了 可使用

<?php $to =" [email protected] "; //收件者 $subject = "test"; //信件標題 $msg = "smtp發信測試";//信件內容 $headers = "From: [email protected]"; //寄件者 if(mail("$to", "$subject", "$msg", "$headers")): echo "信件已經發送成功。";//寄信成功就會顯示的提示訊息 else: echo "信件發送失敗!";//寄信失敗顯示的錯誤訊息 endif; ?>

 

資料來源: http://mistech.pixnet.net/blog/post/402298372-xampp-%E7%9A%84-sendmail-%E5%B0%8D-gmail-%E7%9A%84%E8%A8%AD%E5%AE%9A

參考資料來源: https://sofree.cc/php-smtp-mail/

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